Zomera zamasamba (IV): Endive

Endive ndi chomera m'banja lomwelo monga artichok kapena nthula, Asteraceae. Ankadziwika kale ndikudya ndi Aigupto akale, Agiriki ndi Aroma, ngakhale nthawi zina amakhala ndi mankhwala ambiri kuposa zophikira. Pamenepo, M'mabuku achiigupto mumanenedwa zakuphika komanso zosaphika zamasamba izi mu saladi.

Kuyamba kwake ku Europe kunayamba m'zaka za zana la 60. Ku Spain, kulima masamba amtundu wa curive ndichikhalidwe kuposa chikhalidwe cha masamba osalala komanso otakata, omwe amachokera mzaka za m'ma XNUMXs. Zinthu zazikuluzikulu zimayang'ana ku Catalonia, Valencia ndi Murcia, yomwe gawo lake labwino limaperekedwa kwa zogulitsa kumayiko monga France, Germany ndi Netherlands. Mosiyana ndi izi, mbewu za endive za Badajoz, Granada ndi Toledo Imagwira ntchito zofunika padziko lonse lapansi.

Nyengo yotsiriza ndiyo nthawi yozizira, ndipamene imapereka kukongola kwake ndipamwamba kwambiri, ngakhale lero imatha kupezeka pamsika chaka chonse.

Kuchokera kumapeto, anthu amadya rosette, yopangidwa ndi masamba 50 kapena kupitilira apo osalala kapena opindika (makamaka mitundu yachisanu), yolumikizidwa ndi midrib yoyera. Mtundu wake umatha kukhala wobiriwira wakuda mpaka wachikasu. Masamba akunja amakhala akuda ndipo amkati mwake amakhala achikasu kapena oyera. Ili ndi kununkhira kwa herbaceous, kosangalatsa komanso kakhalidwe kokhala kokoma komanso kowawa pang'ono.. Ndiwo mkwiyo womwe ungapangitse ana kuti asamvere chisoni za kupirira, koma Titha kuyigwiritsa ntchito ndi masamba ena a saladi komwe azolowera, monga letesi., kapena valani ndi ma vinaigrette okoma ndi owawasa ndi uchi, zipatso kapena mtedza.

Ndikofunika kuti musankhe ma endive okhala ndi masamba atsopano, olimba, ofewa komanso mtundu wobiriwira, makamaka akunja, ndi kanizani zamtundu wa bulauni kapena wachikasu. Tikakhala kunyumba, timawatulutsa m'mapaketi kuti apume bwino ndikuchotsa masamba owonongeka omwe angawononge zina zonse kuti azisungire mufiriji kapena pamalo ozizira otetezedwa ndi kuwala. Kawirikawiri, masamba osalala amakhala ataliatali kuposa masamba opindika. Ndibwino kuti muzisamba mosasamba kuti zizikhala zazitali.

Ponena za kufunika kwake kwa zakudya, monga masamba ena onse a masamba, endive ilibe ma calories ambiri, chifukwa cha mphamvu zake zochepa monga chakudya, mapuloteni ndi mafuta. Wolemera madzi, ali ndi mavitamini osungunuka madzi monga B1, B2, C ndi zopusakukhala ndiwolemera kwambiri mu vitamini iyi ndi kusiyana kwina. Zomwe zili mumchere monga calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc ndi potaziyamu ndizofunikanso, zotsirizira ndizochuluka kwambiri. Masamba a endive amakhala ndi intibin, kampani yomwe imapangitsa kuti imveke kuwawa komanso kugaya chakudya komanso chidwi chofuna kudya chifukwa cha masamba awa. Timakukumbutsaninso kuti magulu amatenga nawo gawo pakupanga maselo ofiira ndi oyera, pakuphatikizika kwa majini ndikupanga ma antibodies ku chitetezo cha mthupi, ndichifukwa chake amatithandiza kulimbana ndi matenda.

Chithunzi: Vidasana, Lolabotijo

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